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Ngo-Okthobha u-5, ngokweendaba ezipapashwe kwiwebhusayithi esemthethweni yeNobel Prize, i-2020 Nobel Prize kwi-Physiology okanye kwi-Medicine yadityaniswa ngokudibeneyo ngoososayensi abathathu. Ngokweengxelo, abathathu abaphumeleleyo bafumanisa into ebalulekileyo, bachonga intsholongwane ye-hepatitis C, benza uvavanyo lwegazi kunye nophuhliso lweziyobisi, kwaye basindisa ubomi bezigidi.
Okoko ibhaso likaNobel kwiPhysics okanye iMedicine laqala ukunikezelwa ngo-1901, kunikwe amatyeli ali-110. Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, bekukho abaphumeleleyo abangama-219 kwiNobel Prize kwiPhysology okanye kwiMedicine, kwaye akukho namnye ophumelele ibhaso kabini ukuza kuthi ga ngoku. Kuxelwe ukuba. Ibhaso elinye leNobel elilodwa kulo nyaka lenyuke laya kwisigidi se-kronor yaseSweden (malunga ne-RMB 7.6 yezigidi), ukonyuka kwesigidi se-kronor yaseSweden ngaphezulu kwe-2019.
Amachiza e-Hepatitis C afakiwe kwi-inshurensi yezonyango
Uhlobo lwentsholongwane ka-C olubandakanyeka kwiBhaso likaNobel lunokubangela i-hepatitis C yentsholongwane yesifo esibizwa ngokuba yi-hepatitis C. Ngokwezibalo ze-WHO, malunga ne-180 lezigidi zabantu emhlabeni jikelele banesifo se-hepatitis C, kwaye kukho malunga nezigidi ezi-3 ukuya kwezi-4 ezosulelayo ezintsha. ngonyaka nganye. Inani lokufa lisusela kuma-35,000 ukuya kuma-50,000. Abantu abangaphezu kwezigidi ezingama-40 kwilizwe lethu baphethe le ntsholongwane.
Kuyaqondakala ukuba ixesha lokufukama kwe-hepatitis C ziiveki ezi-2 ukuya kwiinyanga ezi-6, ke iipesenti ezingama-80 zezigulana aziyi kuba nazimpawu emva kokuba wosulelwe yintsholongwane ye-hepatitis C, kodwa ngokufihlakeleyo intsholongwane isenza ububi kwaye ngokuthe ngcembe isonakalisa isibindi. Emva kokosulelwa yintsholongwane ye-hepatitis C, malunga neepesenti ezili-15 zabantu banokuyicima ngokwabo intsholongwane, kodwa iipesenti ezingama-85 zezigulane ezibi ziya kuqhubela phambili kwi-hepatitis C. engapheliyo, ngaphandle kwonyango, i-10% ukuya kwi-15% yezigulane zikhula i-cirrhosis malunga neminyaka engama-20 emva usulelo, kunye nophuhliso olungaphezulu kwesibindi kunokukhokelela ekusileleni kwesibindi okanye kumhlaza wesibindi.
Nangona i-60% ukuya kwi-90% yezigulana ezinesifo se-HCV zinokunyangeka, ezinye zeendlela zonyango zangoku zibonelela ngenqanaba lokunyanga kufutshane ne-100%. Ngelishwa, ngabantu abamalunga ne-3% ukuya kwi-5% kuphela abanokufumana unyango olufanelekileyo.
Nge-1 kaJanuwari kulo nyaka, inguqulelo entsha ye "Inshurensi yoNyango yeSizwe yoNyango, i-Inshurensi yokuSebenza eMsebenzini kunye neKhathalogu yeziyobisi ye-Inshurensi yokuBeleka. Amaxabiso amayeza amaninzi ehle kakhulu. Phakathi kwamachiza angama-70 asandula ukongezwa, “iBingtongsha” kunye ne “Zebidah” “Xia Fanning” amachiza amathathu e-hepatitis C afakiwe kuluhlu lweinshurensi yezonyango okokuqala, ngexabiso eliphakathi lokuncitshiswa ngaphezulu kwe-85%, egubungela bonke abaguli be-genotype.
Ukufumanisa ukuba isigulana sisengxaki
Intsholongwane yeHepatitis C yintsholongwane ehanjiswa ligazi. Indlela yosulelo lwayo iyafana naleyo yesifo sokosuleleka kwesifo B. Ngokuqhelekileyo sidluliselwa ngegazi, ngokudibana ngokwesondo, nangosulelo olusuka kumama luye emntwaneni. Ukuhanjiswa kwegazi yeyona ndlela iphambili yosasazo lwehepatitis C. Kwiminyaka yakutshanje, ngelixa inani labantu abafayo kwizifo ezosulelayo ezinjengesifo sephepha, uGawulayo, kunye nesifo seengcongconi liphelile, inani labantu abafa kwiHepatitis ebangelwa yintsholongwane liye lathintela imeko. Ngexesha le-15 leminyaka ukusuka ku-2000 ukuya ku-2015, inani lokufa kwabantu kwi-hepatitis yentsholongwane kwihlabathi liphela lonyuke nge-22%, lafikelela kwi-134 kubantu abangama-10,000, ngaphezulu kwenani lokufa ngenxa ye-AIDS.
Iingcali zibonisa ukuba ukufihla okuphezulu sesinye sezizathu eziphambili ezikhokelela kwinqanaba eliphezulu lokufa kwabantu elinxulumene nosulelo lwentsholongwane ye-hepatitis C. Uninzi lwezigulana aluzange luqonde ukuba luyagula. I-hepatitis C engapheliyo ayibonakali kwiklinikhi kwinqanaba lokuqala, ekhokelela ekufumanekeni kade kunye nokunyanga kade kwizigulana. Phantse ama-80% abantu abosulelekileyo abafunyanwa bade babe nesifo sokubola kwesifo somhlaza kunye nesifo somhlaza wesibindi.
Kwilizwe lam, umhlaza wesibindi ubangelwa ikakhulu yintsholongwane ye-hepatitis B kunye ne-hepatitis C, apho i-10% yomhlaza wesibindi obangelwa yi-hepatitis B, kunye nomhlaza wesibindi obangelwa yi-hepatitis C uphezulu njenge-80%. Ngelishwa, izigulana ezininzi ze-hepatitis C ziye zavelisa i-cirrhosis yesibindi okanye umhlaza wesibindi xa zifunyenwe, kwaye indleko zonyango zinyuke kakhulu. Ngokukodwa kwizigulana ezinesibindi sokubola kwesibindi, ukuba azinyangwa ngexesha, iminyaka emihlanu yokusinda yi-25% kuphela. Ke ngoko, ukuhlolwa kwangoko, ukuxilongwa kwangoko, kunye nonyango kwangoko kubalulekile kuthintelo kunye nonyango lwe-hepatitis C.
Kule nkalo, iingcali zichaze ukuba kubalulekile ukufumana izigulana ngexesha elifanelekileyo, ukubek'esweni amaqela asemngciphekweni omkhulu, kwaye ujonge amaqela anobungozi kumajelo eendaba nakwezonyango. Abangaphakathi kumzi-mveliso bacebisa ukuba abantu ababenembali yotofelo-gazi kunye nokunikela ngegazi kwiminyaka yoo-1990 nangaphambili, baneendlela zokuziphatha ezisengozini enkulu, imbali yokulikhoboka leziyobisi, kunye namanye amaqela asemngciphekweni wokuvezwa kwegazi kufuneka enze "ikhaphethi." ukuhlolwa ”kwizigulana ezine-hepatitis C, i-AIDS kunye nezinye izifo Amalungu osapho awo onke amalungu kufuneka nawo agqunywe ukuze ahlolwe.
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Ixesha Post: May-17-2021